名字“rayon”在1924年创造了“再生纤维素纤维”的通用术语。的“Father of 人造丝,”法国人Hillaire de Chardonnet伯爵（Count Hillill de Chardonnet）于1880年代发现，破布或木浆中的硝酸纤维素可以转化为纤维，线和织物。人造丝是第一种人造纤维，但是由于它是由纤维素衍生的，因此不被认为是真正的合成纤维，“semi-synthetic.” “Artificial 丝”由Chardonnet工艺制成的产品在20世纪初期很流行。
同时，英格兰的Courtaulds公司将一种再生纤维素纤维的方法商业化，产生了一种新的纤维，称为“viscose.” (so named because their process used a highly viscous solution.) Courtaulds forming a subsidiary in America called American Viscose Company, who began producing 人造丝 in 1910.
A third method of extracting usable fiber from natural cellulose was developed by Swiss brothers, Doctors Camille and Henri Dreyfus, resulting in the 1905 invention of cellulose acetate. The Dryfus brothers turned their new material into cellulose acetate film and plastics before producing usable continuous filaments of acetate yarn in 1913. By 1918 acetate 人造丝 was being manufactured at the British 塞拉尼斯人 plant in Derbyshire, England, which lends its name “塞拉尼斯人” to some of the resulting 人造丝s.
By the turn of the 21st century, 24% of the 人造丝 produced in the world is from Grasim of India, by far the largest manufacturer. Other countries making 人造丝 today include Germany, Brazil, Austria, China, Laos, Canada, and the US. Some critics of the fiber will point to sustainability concerns as well as dirty manufacturing processes. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has banned the manufacturing of cuprammonium 人造丝, sometimes found under the trade name 本伯格, but it is still made in Italy. Tencel 人造丝, also known by its generic name "lyocell," was developed in Courtaulds Research in the 1980's as a “non-polluting” alternative.
We hope you have enjoyed our recent efforts to better understand the history and chemistry behind our recent boom in 人造丝 textiles treated at 博物馆纺织服务. Please contact us if you have something to add to this discussion.